Access to health care is a fundamental human right and especially important for socially disadvantaged and vulnerable people. Although EU member states do acknowledge the right for health care for everybody, undocumented migrants (UDM) face considerable barriers in accessing services. Health of undocumented migrants is highly at risk due to difficult living and working conditions often characterised by uncertainty, exploitation, and dependency. National regulations often restrict access to special situations, like emergency care, and specific groups, e.g. children and pregnant women. Health care organisations and professionals find themselves in a paradox situation: if they give care, they may act against legal and financial regulations, if they don't give care they violate human rights and exclude the most vulnerable. NGOs play an important role in taking over the management of this paradox by providing resources and bridging the gap between policy frameworks and peoples needs.
The project aims at creating a knowledge base for providing, exchanging and developing good practice of health care services for UDM through
- Drawing a landscape of the legal and financial frameworks on national level in the EU 27 under which health care services/providers act
- Gaining an overview about needs and strategies of UDM in getting access to health care services, compiling experiences from NGOs and other advocacy groups from their work with undocumented migrants (from European to local level)
- Collecting existing practice of health services in the EU on regional and local level in a database and identifying transferable models of good practice
Executive Summary and Recommendations
English version including Switzerland